Changes in the Espai Barça

Changes in the Espai Barça

Changes in the Espai Barça

While waiting for the Barcelona City Council to vote on the approval of Espai Barça at the beginning of next year, the project has undergone a change of signatures that specifically affects one of the architectural studios responsible for the comprehensive reform of the Camp Nou . The Japanese firm Nikken Sekkei , winner of the contest, continues to lead, but the partners agreed to jointly carry out the gigantic work, Joan Pascual and Ramon Ausió Arquitectes, will be replaced at their own request by another firm, specifically by the firm b720 Fermín Vázquez Architects , with office, among other cities, in Barcelona. The Blaugrana club plans to make public this substitution in a statement signed by the parties involved (Barça directive and teams of incoming and outgoing architects), subject to the time of the corresponding confidentiality contract.

The Espai Barça project as it is known (it was approved in a referendum by the partners in 2014 with 72 percent of the favorable votes) could undergo some modifications to adjust to the allegations presented, among others, by four municipal groups , but the club hopes that they do not condition the general appearance of the project already set, both in the case of the stadium and in its immediate surroundings. Obtained the approval of the Town Hall would come the turn of the commission of Urbanism of the Generalitat, another administrative step of forced fulfillment. The signing of the office of Joan Pascual and Ramon Ausió will continue to be co-responsible for the project of integral restoration, while the commission of their substitutes will consist of the execution of the work in the coming years together with the Japanese company Nikken Sekkei.

The firm b720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos will be the new partner of the main studio, Nikken Sekkei

After suffering some delays, the date scheduled today to start work at the Camp Nou is approaching more and more to the year 2019, which would lengthen its completion presumably to 2022 or 2023.

At the moment the construction of the Johan Cruyff stadium is underway, which will host matches of Barça B and the first women’s team in Sant Joan Despí, and when these facilities are ready, if there are no administrative obstacles, the demolition of the Miniestadi will take place. In its place will be built the new Palau, with a maximum capacity for 12,000 spectators. The Espai Barça includes an improvement for the neighborhood in terms of mobility (the barriers to be replaced by a kind of plant wall that will mark its perimeter will be removed, bike lanes will be opened and sidewalks will be expanded) and the construction of a hotel and a building of offices. The overall budget amounts to 633 million euros, which will be financed by the club in the following way: a third part will come from the Camp Nou business name, another from operating income and a third from a bank loan.

With the addition of b720 Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos, the Blaugrana club respects the condition imposed on including a local firm in its project because it understands that it will preserve in the final result an obligatory view of those who know first hand what a club like Barça for the city and vice versa. Among the recent works of Fermín Vázquez Arquitectos are the Itaim Tower in São Paulo (Brazil) and the new maternal school of the French Lyceum in Barcelona. Also the airport of Alguaire (Lleida) or the market of the Encants (Barcelona). The firm also has experience in associations with foreign offices, such as those that joined the French Jean Nouvel in the construction of the Agbar tower, next to the Barcelona Plaza de las Glòries, or the British David Chipperfield in the City of Justice , on the border between Barcelona and l’Hospitalet.

Ten allegations to the project

Ten allegations to the project

Barcelona City Council has received ten pleadings against the Espai Barça plan. Four of them correspond to the municipal groups that have made contributions to the project, ranging from the inclusion of neighborhood equipment to the implementation of improvements in private vehicle mobility on match days. Municipal sources note that four writings have also been received from private individuals and one from neighborhood entities that would correspond to the allegations presented by the Federation of Associations of Veïns de Barcelona (FAVB) that submitted an “amendment to the totality” considering that the FC Barcelona project does not comply with “legality”. The neighbors of the surroundings describe it as “new pitch”, since they consider that it is a hidden maneuver so that the club can build a hotel establishment and a neighboring building. The neighborhood reaction is a serious setback to the interests of the Catalan entity and the City Council, which had argued that Espai Barça had had neighborhood participation. In addition to the neighbors, a university institution has also presented allegations to the project that must be resolved in the coming days.

Artur Mas encounters disparate economic demands to form government

Image result for generalitat artur masAfter the electoral result, the acting president of the Generalitat, Artur Mas , -if he obtains the necessary support to be reinvested in December with only 50 deputies and without having reached an absolute majority (68) – he will have to face a marked legislature in economic terms, essentially due to the payment obligations that the Generalitat has with its creditors.

Or what is the same, the Generalitat needs to pay investors who in the last year have bought Catalan debt in the markets to allow financing and investment in health, schools and social spending and the payment of invoices to suppliers and the payroll of the officials.

This financial priority will be conditioned by the political pacts that the current president seeks with the opposition parties that can give him or not support in the next term.

Apart from the sovereignty debate, the day-to-day reality of the governability of the Generalitat will have a marked economic accent in the tenth legislature that will depend on what can be resolved by the pacts sought by the winning candidate of the elections, in this case CiU , that will be able to govern alone or with the punctual or habitual support of the main groups of the opposition: ERC, PSC and the Popular Party. Although as the negotiations are developing the stable agreement with PSC and the Catalan PP seems further away.

Given this situation, the macroeconomic numbers are not good for Catalonia. The Generalitat faces the new legislature with 43.9 billion public debt and debt maturities whose total can reach the 6,000 million euros that must be paid throughout 2013 and can not afford as an autonomous community that goes to finance in the markets with its current rating, where investors let themselves be guided to invest in the rating notes they receive and where Catalonia’s debt is classified as a “junk bond”.

The need to pay 6,000 million euros over the next year (around 2,300 million correspond to interest) will be the main concern of the new Catalan government. But what are the economic proposals that they carried in their electoral programs ERC , PSC and PP and how can they condition the policy carried out by Artur Mas?

Can the economic programs solve the serious economic crisis suffered by Catalonia with 800,000 people without work and with the need to implement austerity policies with new spending cuts amounting to 4,000 million with the aim of reducing the public deficit in order to access the financing in the markets?

If we analyze in depth the economic programs of the three main opposition parties (ERC: 21 deputies, PSC 20 and PP 19) clear differences are observed between the proposals of the independence, which advocate the creation of more taxes and even increase the public deficit of the Generalitat to increase social spending and socialist and popular.

The socialists, in general terms, defend the deficit control but maintaining the policies of social spending and those of the people who defend the reduction of fiscal pressure, the maintenance of social spending in Education and Health and comply strictly with the demands of reduction of the public deficit.

This panorama foresees that the negotiations for the CiU government pact with the three opposition parties will be complicated since the economic programs are, in general, very different in their proposals.

According to sources familiar with the conversations, Convergència i Unió (CiU) would have offered the vice presidency of the Generalitat to Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya (ERC) to enter the next Government of Artur Mas.

In return, Acting President Artur Mas is committed to rethink the recovery of Inheritance Tax and even to study the elimination of pharmaceutical copayment, among other issues. For its part, ERC has rejected the offer to enter the Govern although it has offered support to the investiture of Artur Mas, to the budgets and demands a timetable for the convolution of a independence referendum.

In this context, Oriol Junqueras , candidate for the presidency of the Generalitat by ERC, puts as a condition to give a turn to economic policy and not to comply with the reduction of the deficit imposed by cuts and adjustments of austerity, contrary to what international investors ask as a condition to buy Catalan debt and finance this autonomous community.

ERC wants to tax the financial sector more with the creation of two tax figures that would generate, according to their calculations, an income of 595 million euros per year: a new tax on bank deposits and the use of public roads of ATMs They dispense cash and allow operations to citizens. This last tax has already been proposed by the nationalist mayor of Barcelona, ​​Xavier Trias (CiU).

This tax on bank deposits would be the main source of income of the tax increases proposed by Oriol Junqueras’ party in its package of economic requirements for CiU. They foresee that only about 500 million euros could be obtained from this rate.

Most of the tax increases proposed by ERC should contribute, in total, to the Catalan public coffers about 1,000 million collection, which would reduce by 25% the 4,000 million new cuts that the Generalitat is proposing for next year 2013 .

Esquerra, which openly supports the inauguration of Artur Mas as the new Catalan president, although he refuses to join the Government, which has said that next year it will have to apply adjustments to the 2013 budget amounting to 4,000 million euros. Inheritance tax that was lowered during the Catalan tripartite government (PSC, ERC and ICV) and that allowed to raise the collection for this tax that CiU reduced to a minimum imposition two years ago at around 300 million euros per year.

The party led by Oriol Junqueras includes in its electoral program the reduction of 56% to 50% of the marginal rate of IRPF for the highest incomes, a reduction that would be applied progressively. Artur Mas said in the last legislature that it would only lower taxes when Catalonia grows in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a situation that is not current since Catalonia is immersed in recession and does not generate enough wealth to finance its pending payments.

ERC accepts (although with conditions to revise it upwards and not comply with it) respect the deficit limit set for Catalonia for 2013, of 0.7% of GDP, but requires CiU to raise taxes to banks and large companies, according to sources familiar with the conversations between republicans and converging to guarantee the viability of the new Government.

This means that ERC would be co-responsible for part of the cuts that will have to be made in the next Generalitat Budget, although its demands would also imply important tax increases for banks, companies such as large stores and also nuclear plants installed in Catalonia. , which would affect the Vandellós complex (Tarragona), owned by Iberdrola and Endesa.

Another of the economic proposals of ERC is that the minimum exempt of the Wealth Tax is reduced from the current 700,000 euros to only 500,000 euros. Its impact is estimated at around 100 million euros for each year as of 2013.

The independence formation also wants to propose the application of the bank form for the investment body of the Generalitat, the Institut Català de Finances (ICF), so that the regional credit agency can go to the markets to seek financing as the ICO already does, the state financing entity with the objective, according to Esquerra, of reducing the annual contribution made by the Generalitat.

In the same way, they also propose raising the tax burden to high incomes: applying a progressive relief for housing in the autonomous section of the IRPF, recovering the Inheritance Tax and increasing Patrimony.

In the opinion of CiU, this proposal would mean rectifying all of its fiscal policy in the Generalitat of the last two years. That is why, for now, he rejects them. The advantage, according to ERC, is that they would be co-responsible, always from outside the Government but giving parliamentary support, of cuts amounting to 4,000 million euros throughout 2013.

They would also assume their dependence on the Autonomous Liquidity Fund (FLA) and the conditionalities that will be applied by the Minister of Finance, Cristóbal Montoro. The Ministry of Finance conditions the FLA so that the communities that benefit from it meet the deficit target. That is to say, that its approach is either Esquerra or FLA, unless Junqueras accepts to lower it in 2013 to 0.7% of GDP.

The latter displeases the bases of the pro-independence party, but the leading cadres assume that with the closed sub-sovereign debt markets there is no other alternative to keep the Catalan Administration going, which involves a debt of around 48,000 million, a figure that has been increased in the last three legislatures since the last government of Jordi Pujol passing through the two legislatures of tripartite governments until now.

Great social anti-crisis agreement of the PSC

Image result for anti crisis

For its part, the PSC proposes in its economic program the convening of a ‘summit’ on the economic crisis in which political parties, trade unions and businessmen participate.

The socialists of Catalonia have presented proposals that are closer to nationalism led by CiU than modern social democracy, the classical left or the PSOE itself, even in its current situation of internal crisis.

In the 114 pages of the electoral program, the PSC proposes a constitutional reform and a set of economic measures that must be approved in the Congress of Deputies. The reform of the Constitution would include a tax reform giving powers to the Tax Agency of Catalonia to increase the regulatory management capacity of taxes paid in Catalonia.

The socialist candidate Pere Navarro has proposed, in line with what European socialist leaders such as French President François Hollande advocate, to move towards a political and fiscal union and create Eurobonds to facilitate the financing of the member countries of the European Union, as well as the Labor and energy market reform.

The PSC has proposed in its program to present a large “strategic agreement for economic reactivation and occupation”, to monitor companies presenting an Employment Regulation File (ERE), a plan to reduce youth unemployment; and strengthen the industrial base through fiscal stimulus and public investment policies.

Socialists propose measures of fiscal stimulus for entrepreneurs and, in the first two years, they are exempt from the payment of taxes arising from the creation of a new company and reduce the Social Security quota to 50% of workers hired .

The PSC will integrate “functionally the human teams”, in case of putting into practice its electoral program, the Catalan Institute of Finance and Acc1ó.

The PSC, in the line of proposals on energy issues and that do not depend on the Parliament, has proposed the closure of Acó and Vandellós reactors, in Tarragona.

The socialists also defend strengthening agrarian producers with a new framework of cooperativism to try to consolidate the Catalan agro-industry and a moratorium and reform of the tourist tax that was approved by CiU and that can suppose a point of disagreement with a hypothetical government pact with Artur Mas.

In the aspect related to taxation, the PSC has placed itself on the path of social democracy. The program does stipulate that more people who pay more income per year should pay more and, in this line, they have promised that they will promote a tax for large fortunes, another for the benefits of financial institutions and hope that Congress will modify the SICAV.

In addition, in the text presented to the public, has included the creation of new taxes, among others, the so-called green and others that affect the foods that have an incidence on obesity and cardiovascular diseases, for example.

Navarro’s objectives in terms of social cohesion are summarized in reconstructing the public health service by eliminating the euro by prescription imposed by CiU, adapting the Law of Dependency, guaranteeing a minimum basic income for people in poverty, reinforcing policies of equality between men and women, helping the younger sector so that they can have opportunities and get out of the crisis as soon as possible and, finally, make the Third Sector an essential tool for the public sector.

The proposals of the Catalan PP

Image result for alicia sanchez camacho

The Catalan PP, led by Alicia Sánchez-Camacho , proposes in its economic program with which it has attended the Catalan elections of November 25 last.

The Catalan PP advocates applying the additional resources generated by the new financing model to cover basic policies of the welfare state, policies to promote economic growth or job creation, and to limit the deficit and reduce the debt of the Generalitat. Balance, stability and austerity is his proposal for the regional accounts.

In the private sector, the popular propose to streamline the processes of creating companies and facilitate financing with a law of entrepreneurs, self-employment and self-employment, as well as implementing measures to support entrepreneurial initiatives. Plans to improve the Employment Service of Catalonia and reindustrialization complete this section.

It also highlights its commitment to enhance scientific culture, increasing resources to stimulate R & D & I, and the promotion of exports, developing plans to support the internationalization of SMEs.

Prioritize the Mediterranean railway corridor

In the field of infrastructures, the prioritization of the Mediterranean railway corridor stands out; the road accesses to the ports of Barcelona and Tarragona; the improvement works of the N-II in the province of Girona; the N-340; the variant of Vallirana, and the A-27 in Tarragona. Other preferred projects are the Vallés metro; line 9 of the Barcelona metro, and airport rail connections.

Facilitate access to housing; improve the system of bonuses of the tolls of the Generalitat; favor the employment of university students; develop a family and cultural tourist model complementary to that of sun and beach; enhance local commerce; develop specific security plans against theft in shops; and to reinforce the support to the city councils to avoid the illegal street vendor, they are other of the proposals collected in the electoral program.

Reduction of the autonomic Administration

From the Catalan PP, raise a reform of the autonomic Administration by means of the approval of an Electoral Law, a Law of Transparency and Good Government, and a Law of Institutional Publicity. As well as the decentralization of powers of the Generalitat towards the city councils.

Among the most relevant points is the proposal to suppress the tourist tax; the reduction in 20% of the number of seats in the autonomous Parliament (going from 135 to 108); the elimination of 782 regional councilors, of 20% of the positions of confidence of the Government, and the reduction of the expense of the offices of the former presidents of the Generalitat; the suppression of companies and public entities that “do not justify the social profitability of the services they provide”, as it appears in the electoral program of the Catalan PP.

It also highlights the proposal to reduce the size of public media. “We will demand that they guarantee plurality and we will oppose the establishment of a new tax or rate for their financing,” they point out.

“We will eliminate the delegations outside of London, Paris, Berlin and New York, we will agree with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that these services can be provided from the Spanish embassies and consulates, we will abolish the House of the Generalitat in Perpignan and we will evaluate the continuity of the Offices outside the Ramon Llull Institute “, picks up another of the points of the PP’s electoral program.

Weakness of Catalan debt in the markets

The risk measurement agency Fitch considers that Catalonia may need more funds to cover its domestic banking obligations next year, despite the fact that the Government has extended the Autonomous Liquidity Fund (FLA) to 2013.

Fitch has said in a statement that this need will arise if the FLA, the mechanism created by the central executive to meet the liquidity needs of the autonomies, is implemented following the same criteria as in 2012 and the coverage of the loans is excluded from it. domestic banking.

The agency notes that the difficulties to obtain this money in the capital markets, as well as the reluctance of banks to lend money to regional governments, makes it very likely that Catalonia will have to continue requiring liquidity support from the central government to attend obligations.

Fitch also recalls that in the Catalan elections held this past Sunday, the pro-independence formations won a majority, which could strain relations between the central and regional governments and complicate negotiations for this liquidity.

Catalonia was one of the first communities that resorted to the Liquidity Fund to be able to attend to the payment of debt maturities and payments to suppliers. The autonomous community of Catalonia will finally receive 5,370 million euros from the FLA and will pay 300 million in interest on these funds.

Wert: "Saving in education and health is not a whim"

The head of Education maintains that a good part of the cost containment measures would be “reasonable” to adopt even outside the objective of fiscal consolidation


Image result for jose ignacio wertMadrid. (EFE) .- The Minister of Education, Culture and Sports, José Ignacio Wert , says that savings in education and health is not “a whim” that the Government wants to impose on communities, but a question “of survival” of the central pillars of the welfare state.

“Here we are talking about the urgent, not the important,” according to Wert, who differentiates between the urgent need to save and the academic reform that the Government is preparing to combat school failure and dropout.

In an interview with the EFE Agency, the minister said that the package of measures approved by the Government pursues a greater efficiency of regional spending, but recognizes that these measures “are not the educational reform” nor will they contribute to overcoming the problems of the education.

Wert says it is “impossible” for communities to meet the mandatory deficit target if they do not adjust spending on health and education, which account for 70 percent of their budgets, but is convinced that these adjustments will not affect coverage nor the quality of services.

The main problems of education, such as school failure, will be addressed in the reform of the Organic Law of Education (LOE), which will begin to be processed after the summer.

The head of Education maintains that a good part of the cost containment measures would be “reasonable” to adopt even outside the objective of fiscal consolidation, and points in this sense to those related to university education and post-compulsory secondary education.

She believes that during the last few years an educational culture of “total free” has been extended “far beyond” compulsory and free education (from 6 to 16 years), and points out the importance that the future “Charter of Basic Educational Rights “.

The minister also defends the importance of all communities sharing a “common philosophy” of how to finance educational stages that are neither compulsory nor free, such as the university, and warns, for example, that bulky differences in university fees could lead to ” avalanche “of students to those who have the lowest.

“We want the communities have a margin to adjust their education policy to the requirements of fiscal consolidation, we can not create increasingly unequal systems,” said the minister when asked about the increase in university fees from the next academic year, that will cover between 15 and 25 percent of the effective cost of the studies.

According to Wert, a “flexible” system of hairpins is established to allow communities that are closer to meeting the deficit target to raise rates less than those that are farther from the target.

The increase in enrollment in public universities will mean, says the head of Education, an average increase of 540 euros per year (45 euros per month).

Wert does not doubt that this amount can cause economic difficulties in some families, so the Ministry negotiates with ICO the granting of loans for students who are not exempt from paying the fees for rent reasons.

In this sense, he insists that the economic thresholds to access the scholarships will not be revised, so that more than 20 percent of the students will remain exempt from tuition.

The minister relates university fees to the need to reduce spending by communities in universities, but also to reflect on how public higher education is financed.

“Without a clear, viable and sustainable funding scheme, we will never have a university with the capacity to compete internationally (…), with the model of governance and funding that we have, neither will foreign students or teachers come,” he maintains. the minister.

Asked about the announced student demonstrations, Wert recalls the British case, when the government of David Cameron arrived and placed university fees at 9,000 pounds (€ 10,500), which “burned” the streets.

“Today, all (British) universities are working, the university population has not been reduced, and most of them are in economic equilibrium and public spending on that subject has been drastically reduced,” he says.

This also relates to a system of loans that already existed but that has become “more generous”.

Apart from the economic requirements, students will have to obtain more than one fair pass from the next selectivity to have a scholarship (between 5.5 and 6) and, for its renewal, pass each course 85 percent of the credits ( now it is 80) of most careers or 65 percent in engineering and architecture (now it is 60).

Wert argues that 40 percent of the scholars entering the university with a grade lower than 5.5 leave the course in the first year.

The minister prefers not to make a diagnosis about the university until he knows the report of the group of experts appointed by the Government, but he does see “obvious” some dysfunctions such as the high unemployment of university students or the “underemployment” of many of them, to which adds a “very sharp deficit” of intermediate technical professionals (graduates in vocational training).

The minister dismisses as “childish and absurd” the calculation of the unions, which estimated 100,000 interim faculty positions that will be lost due to adjustments such as increasing students per classroom and teaching hours.

He warns that dispensing with so many teachers would save about 4,000 million euros, but that the Ministry has proposed an adjustment of 3,000 million euros among all the saving measures.

Finally, and on the possibility that the central government resume powers such as Education, the minister is conclusive: “communities may or may not assume powers, but when they assume the Constitution does not establish any procedure to return them.”

Five keys to promote an adequate body image in children

The miserable reality

Pepa is 6 years old and she is a healthy, normal , active, clever girl, as she is alone … I know that she has parents who are concerned and involved in doing things well from the point of view of their life habits. However, what Pepa did the other day shrugged my heart and caused my eyes to fill with tears. No joke, but I could not tell you very well if it was tears of sadness or anger . Deep sadness and a rage of milk. The two things at the same time.

It turns out that Pepa, my mother told me recently, took a sheet of paper the other day, wrote a note on it, put it in an envelope and gave it to her mother. So, in hand, directly, in plan post official. On the sheet I said, the following:

“I do not like my body … what can I do?”

Image result for body image insecurities

Imagine the painting. Pepa, is a girl who suffers from what is called school bullying, discriminate against her image because Pepa is a big girl … eat well, healthy, is since she knows how to aim at two extracurricular sports activities … but it is great . I promise, she is like that and the sea of ​​beautiful, healthy and healthy that is. But at school, some angels and angelitas, their peers and classmates or neighbors, tell him anything but nice things. I do not intend to reproduce it here, but you can imagine it; boys and girls of 6 and 7 years in road plan, with a dirtier tongue than the bathrooms of a bus station … I say what I am going to say, because I am not the father of the child, but come on, that touches me I would be the one implicated and Herod would look like a holy man by my side with what I imagine doing to my daughter’s companions (and first to their parents).

The theory

Often, and I think with enough reason, we direct the accusing finger towards “our society” when it crushes us with certain corporal stereotypes that are actually impossible and unattainable for 99.8 percent of mortals . In most cases we blame the media, more often advertising, film and television … and I think there is no lack of reason, but maybe a bit of perspective.

This more or less well that to see the straw (sure not so “straw”) in the eye of others, but it is not so good that not to be able to see the beam in their own. Of course, due to the pressure that our children suffer from the world of advertising and others, who suffer, there is no doubt that what they see at home can help to modulate and nuance that message when not to direct it in one or the other direction .

In this sense, the American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics ( Eat Right, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics ), a regular reference in the field of nutrition, through its section aimed at children, sends us an essential message regarding the responsibility that we as parents and caregivers have in the body image that our children can develop of themselves. You can see it in full in this link .

In short, the article shows that in all children, regardless of their figure or weight , distorted perceptions and unhealthy behaviors can appear regarding their image. It is emphasized that the distortion of body image can begin at ages as early as preschool; so that both parents and other adults living with the youngest are going to be the models and references in which they will surely set themselves to establish that self-perception of their own image.

Children and young people with a proper image of themselves tend to feel more confident while being more confident in their abilities to succeed; In theory they are not usually obsessed with the issue of counting calories or weight. Conversely, children with a negative body image tend to experience greater anxiety and isolation, as well as having a higher risk of being overweight as well as those known as eating disorders.

Girl eats watermelon gtres

In order to help parents so that their children have an adequate perception of their image, the aforementioned Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics offers five important keys to take the least possible risks:

1. Review, as parents, the way we refer to our own body and that of others

Especially when it is done in public or in front of the little ones. The way in which you refer to your own image or that of third persons will surely exercise a powerful influence on how your children will later perceive their own body. If for example you refer in a particularly negative way to the appearance of your thighs, to your last and unpleasant diet or to your last training especially strenuous, your children will absorb that information as a “natural” way of expressing themselves and they will identify it in the wrong way issues for which they will develop excessive concern. In these circumstances they are more likely to start worrying about the size of their thighs, come to the conclusion that they have to go on a diet or that they should be tortured with especially strenuous sports practices.

2. Talk about health and minimize the weight

A change of paradigm is essential, a change of focus, in which health is the protagonist … and not the weight. It is crucial to stop showing a special obsession with weight and be all the time making references to the pounds that are weighed … and that if the scale up and the scale down. Instead it is recommended to focus the focus on health, yours and theirs. At least in front of the smallest do not give too much to the value of the weight. It talks about food, balanced meals, adequate, nutritious and tasty … of adequate and inadequate habits.

3. Adapt physical activity to your tastes and possibilities

There are children who seem to be made for sports, others are more sedentary, some are more of team sports, strength, resistance, coordination … and others the opposite. The important thing is that children enjoy while maintaining an active lifestyle. It does not matter especially what they do, but they do something … from karate to basketball, going through dance, badminton, tennis, athletics or hiking … Adapt your activity to their tastes and possibilities, and especially that they have fun.

4. Special attention to peer harassment

I told you at the beginning. The derogatory allusions to the weight made between the pairs can significantly mark the children who are the object of said abuse or verbal aggressions. We as adults must show intransigence to the smallest sample of this type of behavior and preventively talk about it with them. Of course, at the slightest suspicion that your child is suffering some type of abuse in this regard, my recommendation is that you speak directly with the people in charge of the school … and without losing a second

5. Banish the myth of that which is called “perfect body”

Even if it seems that you are not old enough to address these issues, I think that at the same moment that you put them in front of a television or put a videogame in your hands it is time to talk with them about these issues, adapting the message to their possibilities of understanding and letting them express themselves in order to talk about false models and false perfections.

I recognize that I have a special sensitivity with these issues. On the one hand in my profession there are many associations with these issues (too many), I have two very young daughters (although less and less) and at the same time the nearby circumstances have beaten us, here in Zaragoza, with a special cruelty just as you I counted a few weeks ago about the sad outcome of two cases of anorexia.

Please, with these issues be very careful, and of course zero tolerance.

Question of the week: What changes with the equal pay law?

Women earning less than Men according to Federal Statistical Office

Women earning less than Men according to Federal Statistical Office

 According to calculations by the Federal Statistical Office, women currently earn an average of just under € 4.50 per hour less than their male counterparts. The reasons for this are complex and the differences often incomprehensible to many employees. However, the law on the promotion of transparency of pay structures , which will enter into force on 6 January 2018, should pave the way for gender justice in future.




Right to information only applies to companies with more than 200 employees

Right to information only applies to companies with more than 200 employees


 What does my colleague deserve? Will my work be fairly remunerated? Many female employees have certainly asked themselves these questions before. With the Equal Pay Act, employees of companies with more than 200 employees now have the right to inquire with their boss about the salary of their colleagues .

The employer is obliged to draw up a written wage comparison . This involves a group of comparable colleagues from the respective work area. The statement should show the average gross income per year and explain it on the basis of certain points, such as qualifications or performance. In addition, the employee has the right to receive information about service cars and annual bonuses of colleagues .

When does the right to information exclude paycheck?

When does the right to information exclude paycheck?

The right to the right to information is not always guaranteed. Due to data protection reasons, employees must refrain from paying wages if less than six people fall into a similar area of ​​work or salary range . This should take into account that in retrospect no conclusions can be drawn to individual persons.

Demand wage comparison: works council is first point of contact

If employees want to know what their colleagues earn on average, the works council is the point of contact for the salary comparison. Necessary for this is a written message , which will be sent directly to the responsible person. In companies without a works council, the employer himself is ready to answer.

The responsible person then has three months to process and prepare the salary comparison, before he has to report back to the employee with a written decision.

What happens with wage differences?

If the boss pays one employee less than others and can not substantiate that, that does not necessarily mean the big salary increase . Unfortunately, the next, often unpleasant step and the question of the appropriate compensation or a salary increase are in the hands of the person concerned.

But what if the boss refuses to adjust the salary? In the future, in the case of a legal dispute, wage comparison will make it easier to get a positive result in favor of the employee.

60 percent of women excluded from the new equal pay law

Despite many positive votes, the new law is in the criticism. Sabine Zimmermann, Deputy Leader of the Left Group, criticizes it as a pure “alibi policy”, while other critics speak of actionism. One reason for the headwind is the fact that only companies with more than 200 employees are addressed. This still excludes around 60 percent of all women in Germany from the right to information.

Ulle Schauws of the Greens sees the initiative for more wage transparency and salary comparison as a “first step” to gender justice . Nevertheless, she hopes that the entitlement to information about the salary will in future apply to all women in employment. In which direction the law develops, it will show from the 6th of January.

Tip: In order to avoid possible costs in disputes with the employer, the labor law protection of a legal expenses insurance offers the necessary support.


Unusual closure of the Maillol museum in Paris

Unusual closure of the Maillol museum in Paris

The black legend of the Borja can continue: an exhibition about the Valencian family turned into the Roman saga of Popes may have been the last of the Maillol museum in Paris, which closed the exhibition, and its doors, for an indeterminate time, this 15th February. Ten days before, the company Tecniarte, of Patrizia Nitti, artistic director of the museum since 2009, declared bankruptcy. It was also canceled, as a result, the exhibition The kiss, from the Renaissance to today, scheduled from March 25 to July 26 next.

A private museum in Paris is in itself a task of titans, not because of lack of public – the million people of floating population of the first tourist city in the world gives for everything – but because of the competition of national and municipal museums, which even when subsidies decrease, they can ignore the typical trade contingencies.

A private museum, on the other hand, depends on its ticket office

A private museum, on the other hand, depends on its ticket office

Maillol’s was weakening. And the beginning of the year, with the double bloody attack, Charlie Hebdo and a kosher supermarket, would have been the final blow.

But nothing is very clear. The president of the Foundation, Olivier Lorquin, son of Dina Vierny, the model turned collector and gallerist, singer, then patron, later creator of the foundation and the museum dedicated to the Catalan sculptor who chose her as muse, would have decided to close by indeterminate time, before the obligation to update the electricity, insulation and access of the museum.

Tecniarte, which has it as its sole client, and which accused losses since 2012, denounced through the press a decision that amounted to its death sentence.

Then, he backed off. “There is no correlation between the bankruptcy of the company Tecniarte, due to the general decrease in the frequency of museums and the closure, by works, of the Maillol museum. The Dina Vierny-Musée Maillol Foundation is not responsible for the bankruptcy of Tecniarte, “the statement said.

At the same time, the museum managers imitated the conciliatory tone. “As always when a sample ends, we must wait for the works to be returned to those who lent them to begin an evaluation of the reforms to be carried out. At that time, “they explained to La Vanguardia,” we will know if it is a matter of heavy work, which would require a closure of up to two years, or if progressive works could be conceived to keep the activity going. “

All very polite but the curious thing is that apparently as necessary as urgent works have not been planned in the programming to the point of having announced the exhibition of The Kiss.

Nor can they explain who will program in the future, since with the closure of Tecniarte there is no more artistic direction. And a calendar of exhibitions, however modest, requires time. Usually a minimum of two years is calculated, and it is a rather optimistic term, to develop the concept of a sample, ask for and obtain loans.

The press officer of the museum says that in any case they can not plan anything without knowing if the museum will be closed or open. Logical, but as strange as the closing, brutal and for many definitive.

In addition to temporary exhibitions, such as this one by L os Borja and his time, from Leonardo da Vinci to Michelangelo (with the mole on the other hand of a small terracotta Pietà “attributed” -according to Nitti- to the master of the Sistine Chapel) , the Maillol keeps the Vierny collection, permanent, of Maillol sculptures. And on the first floor there are other tests of the eye of the former model, drawings by Matisse for whom he also posed and an important meeting of naïve painters.

Vierny, who even recently inspired the film The Artist and the Model

Vierny, who even recently inspired the film <em>The Artist and the Model</em>


by Fernando Trueba, was convinced precisely by Matisse, after the death in Maillol’s accident, to open a gallery in Paris. Since 1947, always at 38 rue Jacob, the gallery in his name was a focus of modernity, revealing artists. At the same time, collector Maillol, in principle, and then his other artists, becomes a patron when, according to André Malraux, donates ten sculptures of Catalan to install them in the gardens of the Tuileries.

A Paris stroller, friend and occasional client, although he preferred books to the paintings, François Mitterrand, will have a decisive influence, already president, to eliminate bureaucratic obstacles – French ethics, of course – to the Foundation. And especially to the Museum, since the conservatives are and as officials they detest private competition.

The inauguration, “a birth” according to Vierny that had lived a couple, biological, with the births of Olivier and Bertrand, children of the sculptor Jean Lorquin, counted on the presence of a very diminished Mitterrand, a few months after his death.

Olivier Lorquin precisely says that in sketches of Maillol, made before Dina Vierny was born, his lines are clearly distinguished, “almost like a portrait, as if the sculptor sensed it”.

Aristide Bonaventure Jean Maillol was born in Banyuls-sur-mer in 1861 and had ten years left to live, in 1934, when the image of his sculptures appeared in body and soul. Dina Vierny had been born fifteen years earlier in the capital of Bessarabia – today divided between Moldova and Ukraine – and her family, Jewish, emigrated for fear of pogroms.

She did not know fear. Integrated into the so-called Fry Committee, during the Second War, her red dress (which Maillol would immortalize in Dina à la robe rouge, in 1940) was the identification for Jews and antifascists to follow her along the path of smugglers, a path renamed Via Maillol , that allowed them to cross the Pyrenees.

Three years after the death of her mentor, Dina opens her gallery in Paris that will make known among others Serge Poliakoff, the Cobra group and the artists discovered by her in the 1960s in Moscow workshops: Kabakov or Erik Vladimirovitch Bulatov for example.

The gift of the sculptures of Maillol is the trigger that gives the idea of ​​the Foundation

which buys a mansion of three thousand square meters on rue Grenelle. With the help of the architect Pierre Devinoy, student of Auguste Perret, Vierny devotes seventeen years to the renovation, respectful of the monument, of the palace where he will install the museum. In the basement, where a poetic cabaret by Jacques Prévert had worked, he set up a restaurant.

Tireless, he had time to create another museum, in the lonely farm in the valley of the Roume, near Banyuls, where Maillol worked and where he rests, under his statue Méditerranée .

Vierny, iron will and responsible for almost everything (in 1985 he delegated the gallery to Olivier Lorquin, but the museum and the Foundation were inviolable territories), he died in 2009.

That same year, the museum delegates its artistic management to Patrizia Nitti. The exhibitions experienced highs and lows of credibility and artistic level and a violent criticism of Libération , in 2012, provoked the unusual reaction of the museum, which took the courts to the morning.

Also worthy of centimetraje the unusual finding, in a bank of Menton -the Mediterranean city in which Vicente Blasco Ibáñez boasted wealth- of an artistic treasure: thirty-six notebooks, six hundred drawings, sculptures and oil paintings of Maillol, deposited in a safe by Miss Wessel, former “exotic dancer” and lover of Lucien, the sculptor’s only son.

According to Olivier Lorquin, in charge of the findings, everything was stolen, a detail that the Grasse court recognized (the same, by the way, that must now fail if another artistic treasure, the Picasso that your electrician claims to have received as a gift, are or not the result of a theft), before authorizing the auction.

but never of such magnitude. He probably did not know that everything was in the house. When Lucien died, she put the set in the bank safely and maybe she forgot it. ” The auction of a total of nine hundred works staggered prices between 600 and 61,000 euros.

In short, another detail that could convert the sculptures preserved in the Maillol museum in the prow of speculators: on December 2, 2013, an auction organized by Sotheby’s demolished records and raised the price of Maillol, when his La rivière, allegory of the horror of Second War and lead echo of the body of Dina Vierny, carried out between 1938 and 1943, obtained more than six million euros.


Economy.- S & P believes that regulation will limit competition from giants such as Facebook or Apple in the banking sector


They could be presented as a “threat” in the area of ​​payments, activity that presents lower barriers of entry

They could be presented as a "threat" in the area of ​​payments, activity that presents lower barriers of entry

The credit agency Standard & Poor’s (S & P) considers that the regulation will be “crucial” to dissuade the efforts of the ‘technological titans’ such as Facebook or Apple to compete with the banking sector and offer their own financial services, although admitting that they have competitive advantages. that make them consolidate as a “potential threat” to alter certain aspects of the banking industry’s value chain.

This is clear from a document published this Monday by the US firm S & P, where it analyzes the future of banking and reflects its opinion on the extent to which large technology companies are presented as a threat to the sector, a reflection that is relevant in a context in which virtual currency portfolios or alternative payment methods have taken a leading role.

“Banking is necessary, banks are not,” said Microsoft founder Bill Gates, in 1994, and which S & P now picks up in its report, considering this appointment as a “premature warning” to financial institutions. “Although barriers to entry in the banking industry are high, large technology groups such as Facebook or Apple have a competitive advantage over fintech or other new entrants (…). They have a high investment capacity, a strong brand, a large number of loyal users or customers and state-of-the-art technology systems, “explains S & P.

However, the US firm, which focuses its study on the capabilities of Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon, believes that the payment service is the main area where technology companies can potentially affect the banking sector. “Although in the short term we believe that they are not exerting any significant pressure on fee income, we believe that they could take advantage of their strong customer base and networks to restrict the revenue from traditional payment services in the long term,” says the document. .

At the same time, in addition to pointing out that the technology lending activities will mainly target users operating on their platforms and segments currently unattended by banks due to reasons of profitability and capital, S & P believes that lending activities or deposit will not be threatened in the short term, mainly by regulation.

“Regulation will limit the ability of ‘technology titans’ to compete significantly with banks, and in the long term, regulation is likely to remain a key factor in deterring technology efforts to offer a full set of financial services. Banks currently provide (…). Banks may feel the greatest competitive threat in those activities where entry barriers are low, as in the income from transactions, “says S & P.

On the other hand, the transaction fees of the banking entities, as technology companies offer this service, will be increasingly low and will oblige banks to reconsider their retail relationships. In some cases, entities charge little or nothing to customers for offering deposit account services, since they benefit when they use their credit or debit cards.

Although, the lower rates of the cards will alter that model and probably cause the banks to look for other ways to charge for their services and allow them to maintain their margins, explains the US firm.



Similarly, some technology companies, such as Amazon, have begun to grant loans. In fact, according to S & P, the e-commerce giant has generated approximately 3,000 million dollars (2,445 million euros) in loans through its business that analyzes the credit profile of its customers.

“In general, we consider that competition in the credit space of the ‘technological titans’ is still ‘in its infancy.’ At this moment it is difficult to consider these companies as viable alternatives to banks to finance consumer companies, small and medium-sized companies. (SMEs) or even larger companies, “says the credit rating firm.

However, he admits that some niche markets currently neglected by banks, such as microenterprises – especially in the United States – are currently benefiting from the entry of technology companies. “We anticipate that the technology companies will continue to focus their loan business on offering microcredits,” S & P says.