Wert: "Saving in education and health is not a whim"

The head of Education maintains that a good part of the cost containment measures would be “reasonable” to adopt even outside the objective of fiscal consolidation


Image result for jose ignacio wertMadrid. (EFE) .- The Minister of Education, Culture and Sports, José Ignacio Wert , says that savings in education and health is not “a whim” that the Government wants to impose on communities, but a question “of survival” of the central pillars of the welfare state.

“Here we are talking about the urgent, not the important,” according to Wert, who differentiates between the urgent need to save and the academic reform that the Government is preparing to combat school failure and dropout.

In an interview with the EFE Agency, the minister said that the package of measures approved by the Government pursues a greater efficiency of regional spending, but recognizes that these measures “are not the educational reform” nor will they contribute to overcoming the problems of the education.

Wert says it is “impossible” for communities to meet the mandatory deficit target if they do not adjust spending on health and education, which account for 70 percent of their budgets, but is convinced that these adjustments will not affect coverage nor the quality of services.

The main problems of education, such as school failure, will be addressed in the reform of the Organic Law of Education (LOE), which will begin to be processed after the summer.

The head of Education maintains that a good part of the cost containment measures would be “reasonable” to adopt even outside the objective of fiscal consolidation, and points in this sense to those related to university education and post-compulsory secondary education.

She believes that during the last few years an educational culture of “total free” has been extended “far beyond” compulsory and free education (from 6 to 16 years), and points out the importance that the future “Charter of Basic Educational Rights “.

The minister also defends the importance of all communities sharing a “common philosophy” of how to finance educational stages that are neither compulsory nor free, such as the university, and warns, for example, that bulky differences in university fees could lead to ” avalanche “of students to those who have the lowest.

“We want the communities have a margin to adjust their education policy to the requirements of fiscal consolidation, we can not create increasingly unequal systems,” said the minister when asked about the increase in university fees from the next academic year, that will cover between 15 and 25 percent of the effective cost of the studies.

According to Wert, a “flexible” system of hairpins is established to allow communities that are closer to meeting the deficit target to raise rates less than those that are farther from the target.

The increase in enrollment in public universities will mean, says the head of Education, an average increase of 540 euros per year (45 euros per month).

Wert does not doubt that this amount can cause economic difficulties in some families, so the Ministry negotiates with ICO the granting of loans for students who are not exempt from paying the fees for rent reasons.

In this sense, he insists that the economic thresholds to access the scholarships will not be revised, so that more than 20 percent of the students will remain exempt from tuition.

The minister relates university fees to the need to reduce spending by communities in universities, but also to reflect on how public higher education is financed.

“Without a clear, viable and sustainable funding scheme, we will never have a university with the capacity to compete internationally (…), with the model of governance and funding that we have, neither will foreign students or teachers come,” he maintains. the minister.

Asked about the announced student demonstrations, Wert recalls the British case, when the government of David Cameron arrived and placed university fees at 9,000 pounds (€ 10,500), which “burned” the streets.

“Today, all (British) universities are working, the university population has not been reduced, and most of them are in economic equilibrium and public spending on that subject has been drastically reduced,” he says.

This also relates to a system of loans that already existed but that has become “more generous”.

Apart from the economic requirements, students will have to obtain more than one fair pass from the next selectivity to have a scholarship (between 5.5 and 6) and, for its renewal, pass each course 85 percent of the credits ( now it is 80) of most careers or 65 percent in engineering and architecture (now it is 60).

Wert argues that 40 percent of the scholars entering the university with a grade lower than 5.5 leave the course in the first year.

The minister prefers not to make a diagnosis about the university until he knows the report of the group of experts appointed by the Government, but he does see “obvious” some dysfunctions such as the high unemployment of university students or the “underemployment” of many of them, to which adds a “very sharp deficit” of intermediate technical professionals (graduates in vocational training).

The minister dismisses as “childish and absurd” the calculation of the unions, which estimated 100,000 interim faculty positions that will be lost due to adjustments such as increasing students per classroom and teaching hours.

He warns that dispensing with so many teachers would save about 4,000 million euros, but that the Ministry has proposed an adjustment of 3,000 million euros among all the saving measures.

Finally, and on the possibility that the central government resume powers such as Education, the minister is conclusive: “communities may or may not assume powers, but when they assume the Constitution does not establish any procedure to return them.”

Five keys to promote an adequate body image in children

The miserable reality

Pepa is 6 years old and she is a healthy, normal , active, clever girl, as she is alone … I know that she has parents who are concerned and involved in doing things well from the point of view of their life habits. However, what Pepa did the other day shrugged my heart and caused my eyes to fill with tears. No joke, but I could not tell you very well if it was tears of sadness or anger . Deep sadness and a rage of milk. The two things at the same time.

It turns out that Pepa, my mother told me recently, took a sheet of paper the other day, wrote a note on it, put it in an envelope and gave it to her mother. So, in hand, directly, in plan post official. On the sheet I said, the following:

“I do not like my body … what can I do?”

Image result for body image insecurities

Imagine the painting. Pepa, is a girl who suffers from what is called school bullying, discriminate against her image because Pepa is a big girl … eat well, healthy, is since she knows how to aim at two extracurricular sports activities … but it is great . I promise, she is like that and the sea of ​​beautiful, healthy and healthy that is. But at school, some angels and angelitas, their peers and classmates or neighbors, tell him anything but nice things. I do not intend to reproduce it here, but you can imagine it; boys and girls of 6 and 7 years in road plan, with a dirtier tongue than the bathrooms of a bus station … I say what I am going to say, because I am not the father of the child, but come on, that touches me I would be the one implicated and Herod would look like a holy man by my side with what I imagine doing to my daughter’s companions (and first to their parents).

The theory

Often, and I think with enough reason, we direct the accusing finger towards “our society” when it crushes us with certain corporal stereotypes that are actually impossible and unattainable for 99.8 percent of mortals . In most cases we blame the media, more often advertising, film and television … and I think there is no lack of reason, but maybe a bit of perspective.

This more or less well that to see the straw (sure not so “straw”) in the eye of others, but it is not so good that not to be able to see the beam in their own. Of course, due to the pressure that our children suffer from the world of advertising and others, who suffer, there is no doubt that what they see at home can help to modulate and nuance that message when not to direct it in one or the other direction .

In this sense, the American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics ( Eat Right, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics ), a regular reference in the field of nutrition, through its section aimed at children, sends us an essential message regarding the responsibility that we as parents and caregivers have in the body image that our children can develop of themselves. You can see it in full in this link .

In short, the article shows that in all children, regardless of their figure or weight , distorted perceptions and unhealthy behaviors can appear regarding their image. It is emphasized that the distortion of body image can begin at ages as early as preschool; so that both parents and other adults living with the youngest are going to be the models and references in which they will surely set themselves to establish that self-perception of their own image.

Children and young people with a proper image of themselves tend to feel more confident while being more confident in their abilities to succeed; In theory they are not usually obsessed with the issue of counting calories or weight. Conversely, children with a negative body image tend to experience greater anxiety and isolation, as well as having a higher risk of being overweight as well as those known as eating disorders.

Girl eats watermelon gtres

In order to help parents so that their children have an adequate perception of their image, the aforementioned Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics offers five important keys to take the least possible risks:

1. Review, as parents, the way we refer to our own body and that of others

Especially when it is done in public or in front of the little ones. The way in which you refer to your own image or that of third persons will surely exercise a powerful influence on how your children will later perceive their own body. If for example you refer in a particularly negative way to the appearance of your thighs, to your last and unpleasant diet or to your last training especially strenuous, your children will absorb that information as a “natural” way of expressing themselves and they will identify it in the wrong way issues for which they will develop excessive concern. In these circumstances they are more likely to start worrying about the size of their thighs, come to the conclusion that they have to go on a diet or that they should be tortured with especially strenuous sports practices.

2. Talk about health and minimize the weight

A change of paradigm is essential, a change of focus, in which health is the protagonist … and not the weight. It is crucial to stop showing a special obsession with weight and be all the time making references to the pounds that are weighed … and that if the scale up and the scale down. Instead it is recommended to focus the focus on health, yours and theirs. At least in front of the smallest do not give too much to the value of the weight. It talks about food, balanced meals, adequate, nutritious and tasty … of adequate and inadequate habits.

3. Adapt physical activity to your tastes and possibilities

There are children who seem to be made for sports, others are more sedentary, some are more of team sports, strength, resistance, coordination … and others the opposite. The important thing is that children enjoy while maintaining an active lifestyle. It does not matter especially what they do, but they do something … from karate to basketball, going through dance, badminton, tennis, athletics or hiking … Adapt your activity to their tastes and possibilities, and especially that they have fun.

4. Special attention to peer harassment

I told you at the beginning. The derogatory allusions to the weight made between the pairs can significantly mark the children who are the object of said abuse or verbal aggressions. We as adults must show intransigence to the smallest sample of this type of behavior and preventively talk about it with them. Of course, at the slightest suspicion that your child is suffering some type of abuse in this regard, my recommendation is that you speak directly with the people in charge of the school … and without losing a second

5. Banish the myth of that which is called “perfect body”

Even if it seems that you are not old enough to address these issues, I think that at the same moment that you put them in front of a television or put a videogame in your hands it is time to talk with them about these issues, adapting the message to their possibilities of understanding and letting them express themselves in order to talk about false models and false perfections.

I recognize that I have a special sensitivity with these issues. On the one hand in my profession there are many associations with these issues (too many), I have two very young daughters (although less and less) and at the same time the nearby circumstances have beaten us, here in Zaragoza, with a special cruelty just as you I counted a few weeks ago about the sad outcome of two cases of anorexia.

Please, with these issues be very careful, and of course zero tolerance.

Question of the week: What changes with the equal pay law?

Women earning less than Men according to Federal Statistical Office

Women earning less than Men according to Federal Statistical Office

 According to calculations by the Federal Statistical Office, women currently earn an average of just under € 4.50 per hour less than their male counterparts. The reasons for this are complex and the differences often incomprehensible to many employees. However, the law on the promotion of transparency of pay structures , which will enter into force on 6 January 2018, should pave the way for gender justice in future.




Right to information only applies to companies with more than 200 employees

Right to information only applies to companies with more than 200 employees


 What does my colleague deserve? Will my work be fairly remunerated? Many female employees have certainly asked themselves these questions before. With the Equal Pay Act, employees of companies with more than 200 employees now have the right to inquire with their boss about the salary of their colleagues .

The employer is obliged to draw up a written wage comparison . This involves a group of comparable colleagues from the respective work area. The statement should show the average gross income per year and explain it on the basis of certain points, such as qualifications or performance. In addition, the employee has the right to receive information about service cars and annual bonuses of colleagues .

When does the right to information exclude paycheck?

When does the right to information exclude paycheck?

The right to the right to information is not always guaranteed. Due to data protection reasons, employees must refrain from paying wages if less than six people fall into a similar area of ​​work or salary range . This should take into account that in retrospect no conclusions can be drawn to individual persons.

Demand wage comparison: works council is first point of contact

If employees want to know what their colleagues earn on average, the works council is the point of contact for the salary comparison. Necessary for this is a written message , which will be sent directly to the responsible person. In companies without a works council, the employer himself is ready to answer.

The responsible person then has three months to process and prepare the salary comparison, before he has to report back to the employee with a written decision.

What happens with wage differences?

If the boss pays one employee less than others and can not substantiate that, that does not necessarily mean the big salary increase . Unfortunately, the next, often unpleasant step and the question of the appropriate compensation or a salary increase are in the hands of the person concerned.

But what if the boss refuses to adjust the salary? In the future, in the case of a legal dispute, wage comparison will make it easier to get a positive result in favor of the employee.

60 percent of women excluded from the new equal pay law

Despite many positive votes, the new law is in the criticism. Sabine Zimmermann, Deputy Leader of the Left Group, criticizes it as a pure “alibi policy”, while other critics speak of actionism. One reason for the headwind is the fact that only companies with more than 200 employees are addressed. This still excludes around 60 percent of all women in Germany from the right to information.

Ulle Schauws of the Greens sees the initiative for more wage transparency and salary comparison as a “first step” to gender justice . Nevertheless, she hopes that the entitlement to information about the salary will in future apply to all women in employment. In which direction the law develops, it will show from the 6th of January.

Tip: In order to avoid possible costs in disputes with the employer, the labor law protection of a legal expenses insurance offers the necessary support.


Unusual closure of the Maillol museum in Paris

Unusual closure of the Maillol museum in Paris

The black legend of the Borja can continue: an exhibition about the Valencian family turned into the Roman saga of Popes may have been the last of the Maillol museum in Paris, which closed the exhibition, and its doors, for an indeterminate time, this 15th February. Ten days before, the company Tecniarte, of Patrizia Nitti, artistic director of the museum since 2009, declared bankruptcy. It was also canceled, as a result, the exhibition The kiss, from the Renaissance to today, scheduled from March 25 to July 26 next.

A private museum in Paris is in itself a task of titans, not because of lack of public – the million people of floating population of the first tourist city in the world gives for everything – but because of the competition of national and municipal museums, which even when subsidies decrease, they can ignore the typical trade contingencies.

A private museum, on the other hand, depends on its ticket office

A private museum, on the other hand, depends on its ticket office

Maillol’s was weakening. And the beginning of the year, with the double bloody attack, Charlie Hebdo and a kosher supermarket, would have been the final blow.

But nothing is very clear. The president of the Foundation, Olivier Lorquin, son of Dina Vierny, the model turned collector and gallerist, singer, then patron, later creator of the foundation and the museum dedicated to the Catalan sculptor who chose her as muse, would have decided to close by indeterminate time, before the obligation to update the electricity, insulation and access of the museum.

Tecniarte, which has it as its sole client, and which accused losses since 2012, denounced through the press a decision that amounted to its death sentence.

Then, he backed off. “There is no correlation between the bankruptcy of the company Tecniarte, due to the general decrease in the frequency of museums and the closure, by works, of the Maillol museum. The Dina Vierny-Musée Maillol Foundation is not responsible for the bankruptcy of Tecniarte, “the statement said.

At the same time, the museum managers imitated the conciliatory tone. “As always when a sample ends, we must wait for the works to be returned to those who lent them to begin an evaluation of the reforms to be carried out. At that time, “they explained to La Vanguardia,” we will know if it is a matter of heavy work, which would require a closure of up to two years, or if progressive works could be conceived to keep the activity going. “

All very polite but the curious thing is that apparently as necessary as urgent works have not been planned in the programming to the point of having announced the exhibition of The Kiss.

Nor can they explain who will program in the future, since with the closure of Tecniarte there is no more artistic direction. And a calendar of exhibitions, however modest, requires time. Usually a minimum of two years is calculated, and it is a rather optimistic term, to develop the concept of a sample, ask for and obtain loans.

The press officer of the museum says that in any case they can not plan anything without knowing if the museum will be closed or open. Logical, but as strange as the closing, brutal and for many definitive.

In addition to temporary exhibitions, such as this one by L os Borja and his time, from Leonardo da Vinci to Michelangelo (with the mole on the other hand of a small terracotta Pietà “attributed” -according to Nitti- to the master of the Sistine Chapel) , the Maillol keeps the Vierny collection, permanent, of Maillol sculptures. And on the first floor there are other tests of the eye of the former model, drawings by Matisse for whom he also posed and an important meeting of naïve painters.

Vierny, who even recently inspired the film The Artist and the Model

Vierny, who even recently inspired the film <em>The Artist and the Model</em>


by Fernando Trueba, was convinced precisely by Matisse, after the death in Maillol’s accident, to open a gallery in Paris. Since 1947, always at 38 rue Jacob, the gallery in his name was a focus of modernity, revealing artists. At the same time, collector Maillol, in principle, and then his other artists, becomes a patron when, according to André Malraux, donates ten sculptures of Catalan to install them in the gardens of the Tuileries.

A Paris stroller, friend and occasional client, although he preferred books to the paintings, François Mitterrand, will have a decisive influence, already president, to eliminate bureaucratic obstacles – French ethics, of course – to the Foundation. And especially to the Museum, since the conservatives are and as officials they detest private competition.

The inauguration, “a birth” according to Vierny that had lived a couple, biological, with the births of Olivier and Bertrand, children of the sculptor Jean Lorquin, counted on the presence of a very diminished Mitterrand, a few months after his death.

Olivier Lorquin precisely says that in sketches of Maillol, made before Dina Vierny was born, his lines are clearly distinguished, “almost like a portrait, as if the sculptor sensed it”.

Aristide Bonaventure Jean Maillol was born in Banyuls-sur-mer in 1861 and had ten years left to live, in 1934, when the image of his sculptures appeared in body and soul. Dina Vierny had been born fifteen years earlier in the capital of Bessarabia – today divided between Moldova and Ukraine – and her family, Jewish, emigrated for fear of pogroms.

She did not know fear. Integrated into the so-called Fry Committee, during the Second War, her red dress (which Maillol would immortalize in Dina à la robe rouge, in 1940) was the identification for Jews and antifascists to follow her along the path of smugglers, a path renamed Via Maillol , that allowed them to cross the Pyrenees.

Three years after the death of her mentor, Dina opens her gallery in Paris that will make known among others Serge Poliakoff, the Cobra group and the artists discovered by her in the 1960s in Moscow workshops: Kabakov or Erik Vladimirovitch Bulatov for example.

The gift of the sculptures of Maillol is the trigger that gives the idea of ​​the Foundation

which buys a mansion of three thousand square meters on rue Grenelle. With the help of the architect Pierre Devinoy, student of Auguste Perret, Vierny devotes seventeen years to the renovation, respectful of the monument, of the palace where he will install the museum. In the basement, where a poetic cabaret by Jacques Prévert had worked, he set up a restaurant.

Tireless, he had time to create another museum, in the lonely farm in the valley of the Roume, near Banyuls, where Maillol worked and where he rests, under his statue Méditerranée .

Vierny, iron will and responsible for almost everything (in 1985 he delegated the gallery to Olivier Lorquin, but the museum and the Foundation were inviolable territories), he died in 2009.

That same year, the museum delegates its artistic management to Patrizia Nitti. The exhibitions experienced highs and lows of credibility and artistic level and a violent criticism of Libération , in 2012, provoked the unusual reaction of the museum, which took the courts to the morning.

Also worthy of centimetraje the unusual finding, in a bank of Menton -the Mediterranean city in which Vicente Blasco Ibáñez boasted wealth- of an artistic treasure: thirty-six notebooks, six hundred drawings, sculptures and oil paintings of Maillol, deposited in a safe by Miss Wessel, former “exotic dancer” and lover of Lucien, the sculptor’s only son.

According to Olivier Lorquin, in charge of the findings, everything was stolen, a detail that the Grasse court recognized (the same, by the way, that must now fail if another artistic treasure, the Picasso that your electrician claims to have received as a gift, are or not the result of a theft), before authorizing the auction.

but never of such magnitude. He probably did not know that everything was in the house. When Lucien died, she put the set in the bank safely and maybe she forgot it. ” The auction of a total of nine hundred works staggered prices between 600 and 61,000 euros.

In short, another detail that could convert the sculptures preserved in the Maillol museum in the prow of speculators: on December 2, 2013, an auction organized by Sotheby’s demolished records and raised the price of Maillol, when his La rivière, allegory of the horror of Second War and lead echo of the body of Dina Vierny, carried out between 1938 and 1943, obtained more than six million euros.